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Geographical Indication

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A geographical indication (GI) is a name or sign used on products which corresponds to a specific geographical location or origin (e.g. a town, region, or country). The use of a geographical indication, as a type of indication of source, may act as a certification that the product possesses certain qualities, is made according to traditional methods, or enjoys a certain reputation, due to its geographical origin.

Object of the Geographical Indication Services of Goods (Registration And Protection ) Act, 1999 is to provide for the registration and better protection of geographical indications services relating to goods in India. It is an indication of goods originating from a definite geographical territory. It is used to identify agricultural, natural or manufactured goods; the manufactured goods should be produced or processed or prepared in that territory and have a special quality or reputation.The primary purpose of this Act is to provide legal protection to Indian Geographical Indications which in turn boost exports. Registration of Geographical indication services promotes economic prosperity of producers of goods produced in a geographical territory. Examples of geographical indications services are Basmati Rice, Darjeeling Tea, Kanchipuram Silk Sari, etc.

Who Can Apply ?

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Any association of persons or producers, or any organization or authority established by or under the law, can apply to register a geographical indication services. The applicant must represent the interests of the producers. Producers are parties that work with the following categories of goods:Agricultural Goods, Including Production, Processing, Trading or Dealing; Natural Goods, Including Exploiting, Trading or Dealing; and Handicrafts or Industrial Goods, Including Making, Manufacturing, Trading or dealing.Prescribed Form


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A geographical indication services is a public property belonging to the producers of the concerned goods. It shall not be the subject matter of assignment, transmission, licensing, pledge,mortgage or such other agreement. However, when an authorized user dies, his right devolves on his successor in title.

What Is Included In Our Package?

Prior Art Search
Application Drafting
Application Filling
Government Fees

Procedure For Geographical Indication

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Fill Geographical Indication form

All you need to do is complete our simple form and provide your basic information which will be required.

Conduct Geographical Indication Search

After receiving all the documents from your side, we will conduct a patentability search for you.

Select Appropriate Class

Depending on nature of your products, we shall suggest the appropriate class of the 45 classes

Geographical Indication Application filed

We create your Trademark application in 3 days and get your TM number

Geographical Indication registration completed

Your trademark is registered in 1.5 2 years if no competitor objects to your trademark application


Required For Geographical Indication Registration

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List Of Information Required For Geographical Indication Registration :
  • 1. TName & address of the applicant.
  • 2. Name of the articles to which the indication is to be applied.
  • 3. Time of usage by the user
  • 4. The applicant shall file an affidavit testifying to such user with exhibits showing the geographical indication as used, the volume of sales under that geographical indication , the definite territory of the country, region or locality in the country to which geographical indication relates, etc.
  • 5. Representation of the geographical indication in the space provided on the application form for that purpose provided the size of such representation shall not exceed 33 centimeters by 20 centimeters with a margin of 4 cm. on the left hand side.
  • 6. A geographical signification of the indication regarding the goods, explaining how the indication serves to designate the goods as a geographical indication; the class of goods.
  • 7. The geographical area.
  • 8. Details of the appearance of the goods.
  • 9. The particulars of the producers.
  • 10. An affidavit setting out the applicant's right to become the registrant.
  • 11. Special characteristics of the geographical indication.
  • 12. A certified copy of the map of the territory.
  • 13. Growth attributes in relation to the geographical indication.
  • 14. Special human skills involved.
  • 15. The number of producers, and.
  • 16. Details of any inspection structures to regulate use of the geographical indication.

Once a geographical indication has been registered, any person claiming to be a producer of goods covered by the registered geographical indication can file an application for registration as an authorized user in Part B of the register. The procedure for registration as an authorized user is similar to that for the registration of a geographical indication.

Advantage Of Registering Geographical Indication

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Most of the associations often think whether it is worthwhile to go for geographical indication protection. Below are some of the advantages of geographical indication protection which will help them figure out the importance of protection.

Boosts Exports:

You become the legal owner of the registered trademark and no another person has the right to use your registered trademark without your prior permission. No action can be taken against a 2nd party if the trademark is not registered with the government. The registered trademark holder can take some legal action against anyone who tries to copy the trademark with any prior permission.

Unique Identity

One of the best qualities of trademark registration is that it helps you to establish a unique identity of your company. And no other competitor can apply or use your trademark for similar goods or services.

Creation of Asset

Registered trademark can act as an asset as the owner of the trademark can easily sell, franchise or allow it on the contract basis to another party. It creates a kind of intellectual property for the same.

Trust or Goodwill

As registered trademark brings the uniqueness to your product, it can easily create a sense of trust, goodwill and quality in the minds of your customer.

Popularise your brand

Registered trademark is easily searchable as it is available in government trademark database. It also helps you to get popular among people which are a great sign for your company.

Frequently Asked Questions

Trademark Registration

A geographical indication (GI) is a sign used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin. In order to function as a GI, a sign must identify a product as originating in a given place.

Any association of persons, producers,organisation or authority established by or under the law can be a registered proprietor. Their name should be entered in the Register of Geographical Indication as registered proprietor for the Geographical Indication applied for.

Geographical indications (GIs) identify a good as originating from a particular place Finally, a trademark can be assigned or licensed to anyone, anywhere in the world, because it is linked to a specific company and not to a particular place.

So far total of 320 products have been given GI status in India have been registered in India. Darjeeling Tea, Tirupathi Laddu, Kangra Paintings, Nagpur Orange and Kashmir Pashmina are among registered GIs in India. Karnataka tops with 38 GI products, followed by Maharashtra which has 32 GI products.

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